Smart Hybrid Materials (SHMs)
Khashab Research Group
Innovatively Functionalized Nanomaterials for Biomedical, Sensing and Composites Applications


Muffle furnace

Today, a muffle furnace is (usually) a front-loading box-type oven or kiln for high-temperature applications such as fusing glass, creating enamel coatings, ceramics and soldering and brazing articles. They are also used in many research facilities, for example by chemists in order to determine what proportion of a sample is non-combustible and non-volatile (i.e., ash). Some digital controllers allow RS232 interface and permit the operator to program up to 126 segments, such as ramping, soaking, sintering, and more. Also, advances in materials for heating elements, such as molybdenum disilicide offered in certain models by Vecstar, can now produce working temperatures up to 1800 degrees Celsius, which facilitate more sophisticated metallurgical applications.