Fluorescent copolymer aggregate sensor for lithium chloride

by Hu Wang, Leighton O. Jones, Tian Zhao, Inhong Hwang, Vincent M. Lynch, Niveen M. Khashab, George C. Schatz, Zachariah A. page, Jonathan  L. Sessler
Year: 2023 DOI: 10.1039/D2SC05342J


Chem. Sci., 2023,14, 4120-4125


We report a copolymeric fluorescent sensor that is selective for lithium chloride. The two constituent polymers comprise pendent triphenylethylene (TPE) moieties for aggregate induced emission (AIE) along with either strapped-calix[4]pyrrole or secondary ammonium groups that drive aggregation via self-assembly upon polymer mixing. Addition of LiCl in acetonitrile disrupts the strapped-calix[4]pyrrole/secondary ammonium chloride salt host–guest crosslinks leading to disaggregation of the polymer chains and a decrease in TPE emission. The lack of AIE perturbation upon addition of NaCl, KCl, MgCl2 or CaCl2 provides for high selectivity for LiCl relative to potential interferants. This supramolecular dual polymer approach could serve as a complement to more traditional sensor systems.